Cancer Insurance 101: Understanding Coverage and Waiting Period | Article – HSBC VisionGo

What is carcinoma in situ (CIS)? Does every cancer insurance get it covered?
Lifestyle  ·    ·  5 mins read

cancer fighter

What is carcinoma in situ (CIS)? Does every cancer insurance get it covered? Don’t forget to review the terms and conditions before buying! Bowtie’s product development team is here to explain more on cancer insurance, including different types, waiting period, claim methods, premiums and things to note when comparing plans.

2 different types of cancer insurance

Bowtie: What is cancer insurance?

Product Development: There is no standardized definition for cancer insurance in Hong Kong. Currently, there are 2 kinds of cancer insurances in the market: Cancer Medical Insurance and Cancer Critical Illness Insurance. 

Insurance Type

Cancer Medical Insurance

Cancer Critical Illness Insurance

Claim Method

Medical expenses reimbursements

Lump-sum payment

Coverage

Covers general cancers and carcinoma in situ (CIS)

Partial payment for diagnosis of carcinoma in situ; Full payment for cancer

Renewal

Annual

Most plans have level premiums*; Few plans renew every 1 or 5 years

Product

Typically without savings component

Typically includes other critical illness protection and savings components

In a nutshell, “Cancer Medical Insurance” pays for the medical expenses while “Cancer Critical Illness Insurance” pays for medical expenses and supports the insured’s living expenses. 


Average Medical Insurance Premium

Level Premium*

Total Premium

$1.7 million

$1.7 million

Payment Term

Annually

30 years (based on market average)

Average Annual Premium

$28,000/ year ($1.7 million for 60 years) (Age 21 to 80)

$57,000/ year ($1.7 million for 30 years) (Age 21 to 50)

The above table compares the policyholder’s contribution for Cancer Medical Insurance and Cancer Critical Illness Insurance (with level premium). As you can see, due to different payment terms, the level premium for Cancer Critical Illness Insurance is 2 times more than the Cancer Medical Insurance, assuming the total premiums for both plans are $1.7 million and the policyholder has a lifespan of 80 years and has been insured since age 21.

Most critical illness insurance plans have savings components and offer policyholders a portion of the premiums back if the policy is terminated. However, the premiums for this type of insurance are also higher.

Insurance Tip

*Level premium means the premiums would stay the same throughout the payment term. General medical insurance’s premiums often increase according to age when it is renewed annually.

Should you choose a plan with Carcinoma in situ (CIS) coverage?

Bowtie: Why is coverage for CIS important?

Product Development: Carcinoma in situ (CIS) is a group of abnormal cells that may become cancer and have not spread beyond where they are found. CIS is sometimes referred to as “Stage 0 cancer”. If CIS is not properly treated in time, it can spread to surrounding tissues and organs and become an aggressive cancer. 

Common carcinoma in situ include breast, bladder, cervical CIS and so on. Many cancer critical illness insurance plans in the market offer no protect against CIS, or offer only a small portion of the sum assured. But it’s worth mentioning that the surgery fees for CIS are comparable to surgery fees for cancer. Hence, coverage for CIS is an important consideration. 

Since “Cancer Critical Illness Insurance” is similar to general critical illness insurance, we will focus on “Cancer Medical Insurance” in the article.

How does waiting period affect the protection?

Bowtie: What is the difference between Cancer Medical Insurance and General Medical Insurance? 

Product Development: The following table highlights the key differences between “Cancer Medical Insurance”, “General Medical Insurance” and “VHIS”.


Cancer Medical Insurance

General Medical Insurance

VHIS

Waiting Period

  • Typically with 90 days of waiting period

  • does not cover any cancer diagnoses or symptoms that occur in the period

Most plans involve a waiting period while duration vary 

Plans are without a waiting period; Coverage begins when policy is approved

Coverage

Cancer examination and diagnosis, in-patient and out-patient cancer treatments, etc.

All injury or illness related medical expenses including hospitalization, treatments and day-surgery, etc.

All injury or illness related medical expenses including hospitalization, treatments and day-surgery, etc.

Claim Method

Reimbursement

Benefit Limit

  • Typically determined by each cancer but definition of “each cancer” vary between insurers

  • Few insurance plans out there reset benefit limit every 3 years; Bowtie’s Cancer Fighter Insurance Plan is one of them

Determined by each illness case with a limit on number of claims per illness or lifetime benefit

Reset every year

Basic coverage of Cancer Insurance 

Bowtie: What treatments does cancer insurance cover?

Product Development: Since cancer insurance focuses on cancer, its coverage is very  comprehensive, which includes coverage on diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.

  • Cancer Diagnostic Tests (with objective to diagnose cancer)

    • Exclude general body check or preventive genetic tests because the purpose of these examinations is not to diagnose cancer

    • Exclude tests with negative results because the insured does not have cancer

  • Tests for determining which drugs should be used for treatment (i.e. some drugs are suitable to treat cancers with specific gene mutations only)

  • Tests for monitoring the progress of treatment or rehabilitation

  • Cancer Treatments

    • Surgery

    • Chemotherapy

    • Electrotherapy

    • Targeted therapy

    • Immunotherapy

    • Proton therapy

    • Other treatments (including new treatment methods from medical breakthrough or advanced medical technology)

  • Palliative Treatments (to provide relief from cancer symptoms)

  • Head and/or Breast Reconstructive surgery

  • Complementary Treatments (Chinese medicine, Physiotherapy, Counselling, etc.)

In addition to the above, some cancer insurance plans also cover transportation expenses, wigs, global emergency support and other related expenses. However, more coverage also comes with higher premiums. 

Don't underestimate the costs of cancer treatment

Bowtie: How much does cancer treatment cost? 

Product Development: According to data from the Hong Kong Cancer Information Center of the Hospital Authority, colon, lung, breast and liver cancer are the most common cancers in Hong Kong. The medical treatment fees for these cancers are listed below for reference. 

Cancer

Treatment

Expenses*

Colon

Laparoscopic Proctectomy

~ $180,000 

Lung 

Targeted Therapy:

  • Afatinib

  • Bevacizumab

  • Crizotinib

  • Erlotinib

  • Gefitinib

$53,000 – 137,000

Breast

Breast Lumpectomy

~ $150,000

Liver

Targeted Therapy:

  • Sorafenib

~$160,000 

Definitions of cancer recurrence vary between insurance companies

*Above price updated as of January 23, 2020

Any specific protection for recurrence of cancer?

Bowtie: Is the compensation from cancer insurance enough?

Product Development: Cancer insurance plans in the market generally offer compensation  between $500,000 to $3 million for each cancer while the lifetime limit is 3 times the amount of each compensation. However, insurance companies define “each cancer” differently and very few plans reset benefits every 3 years. Since cancer can often recur but timing is unpredictable, it is important to understand the compensation terms and conditions before purchasing a plan. 

Bowtie Cancer Fighter offers $1 million, $2 million and $3 million lifetime benefit options for the entire journey from cancer diagnosis to treatment monitoring (effective until 5 years after the final treatment), recurrence and diagnosis of other cancers.

In the unfortunate event of cancer diagnosis, $1 million benefit for cancer treatment is immediately activated, which is sufficient to cover the treatment cost for most cancers within 3 years. As for the policyholders of “Cancer Fighter 200” & “Cancer Fighter 300”, the abovementioned $1 million benefit would be reset every 3 years once activated for further protection on cancer recurrence and diagnosis of other cancers until the amount of compensation reaches the lifetime limit. 

Be careful there can be a vast difference in premiums

Bowtie: Which cancer insurance plan is of the best value?

The table below compares the premiums of cancer medical insurance plans from the three largest insurance companies in Hong Kong for reference.

Non-smoking Male

Insurance Company

Bowtie

Insurer A

Insurer X

Insurer P

Market Average*

Product Plan

Cancer Fighter

Plan A

Plan X

Plan P

Room and Board

Semi-private

Maximum Lifetime Benefit

3,000,000

Age

Monthly Premium (HKD)

20

40 

53

61

54

56

30

57  

82

86

81

83

40

121  

125

126

124

125

50

216  

264

259

265

263

60

574  

652

610

642

635

Source

Bowtie

Seasonalife

Seasonalife

Insurer P

N/A

*Premiums are rounded to the nearest whole integer. Premium information was updated as of January 2020.

Please note the coverage of the cancer medical insurance plans vary. For coverage and plans details, please refer to the information provided by the insurance companies. If you have any inquiries about the above comparisons, please contact Bowtie customer service specialists.

Non-smoking Female

Insurance Company

Bowtie

Insurer A

Insurer X

Insurer P

Market Average*

Product Plan

Cancer Fighter

Plan A

Plan X

Plan P

Room and Board

Semi-private

Maximum Lifetime Benefit

3,000,000

Age

Monthly Premium (HKD)

20

49  

65

70

63

66

30

94  

117

115

112

115

40

263

262

250  

254

255

50

408  

466

450

467

461

60

605

630

590 

619

613

Source

Bowtie

Seasonalife

Seasonalife

Insurer P

N/A

Why are women paying more than men?

Bowtie: Why are cancer insurance premiums higher for women?

Product Development: Based on the above tables, premiums for females are generally higher than for men because the risk of developing cancer for women between ages 20 to 59 is much higher than men in the same age groups. Breast and cervical cancers are among the most common cancers in women of the age group.

Original Article: https://www.bowtie.com.hk/blog/en/cancer-insurance-comparison-coverage-waiting-period/

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