The Development And Application Of Internet Of Things (IoT) | 文章 – 滙豐機滙

How does Internet of Things (IoT) come?
科技  ·    ·  1 mins read

IoT, Internet of things

When you finally reach home after working overtime, does it feel frustrating when you still need to spend extra efforts settling down before enjoying private time? Imagine when you enter your apartment, the lights have been on automatically, air conditioning has already been operating, your favourite music is playing softly, and the bathtub has been filled with warm water…

This is how Internet of Things (IoT) penetrates your daily life. Not only in Smart Homes, but also in smart watches, glasses, sports bracelets, and even in business and transport infrastructures, which widely covers our daily living patterns. 

How does Internet of Things (IoT) come?

The concept of Internet of Things (IoT) originated from The Road Ahead by Bill Gates in 1995, it was then officially published in the Union Internationale des Télécommunications in 2005. IoT refers to the transfer of data collected by nearby transfer stations to the data processing center or the cloud through the chip in the device for real-time analysis and appropriate response.

To keep it simple, IoT is the connection between facilities and devices that facilitates interexchange of data with the support of the Internet, so that they can respond and execute the right commands. 

Early technologies related to the Internet of Things are now the widely used Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) devices, such as Octopus, door cards for access control systems, and HRM systems. Operating with RFID, it doesn’t require any contacts in between to read the card information. 

Three main aspects of Internet of Things (IoT)


To actualize the use and management of ‘application purpose’ and to respond to demand of cloud application. Through data storage, analysis and application to increase management efficiency so as to provide the best service. The applications include: sockets with internet access, home devices and systems like door locks, refrigerator, sensor for temperature and lighting, etc. in Smart Homes, can all be connected to the mobile app for remote and time control. 


Medium for data transmission and command sending. Characterized by network communication protocols and mutual conversion between protocols, combined with the Internet environment. Applications include: wired or optical fiber fixed broadband network, 2G-5G mobile network, mid-way wireless coverage or connection, such as WiFi, Bluetooth (Bluetooth) and so on.


IoT has the ability to sense and transmit data. So-called Internet of things, it implies related equipment needs to have the power, communication and Internet connection functions to control or sense the device conditions. Applications include: sensors attached to objects such as clothing, cars, goods or parts to detect changes in temperature, humidity, distance, speed, location, etc.

IoT not only allows the equipment of different industries to be more automatic, but also increases efficiency and saves energy. It is gaining its coverage in commercial and public utilities, like environmental monitoring, medical care, logistics and agriculture. We are going to introduce the application of Internet of Things (IoT) in operations and how it adds values to businesses in the next article!